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Development of the FRACC/PES

Over the years, NBA has provided hydrographic and hydrological technical expertise in the implementation of its programmes and projects, which has enabled it to establish itself as a major player in the management of the Niger Basin resources. Its historical knowledge of the basin, and of its challenges, in addition to the legal framework documents and in particular the existence of a Water Charter, give NBA legitimacy to its intervention in the region. Thanks to the elaboration of the Niger Basin Water Charter, the Authority has incorporated recognized principles in environmental law (principle of participation, of equitable and reasonable use, of precaution, etc.), thus strengthening its credibility as an stakeholder working for the management, but also the protection, of the resources and ecosystems of the basin. Its institutional framework, which is characterized by a desire to create permanent contact with the member countries, has also enabled it to promote cooperation between the nine Member States involved in the functioning and life of the Basin. Through their roles as national relays, the National Focal Structures act as an interface between the executive power of the NBA and the national entities of the member countries, and contribute to cross-border coordination work at the regional level. However, the NBA's actions now seem to have potential to be framed within a dedicated structure from a legal and financial point of view. The idea of creating a Regional Climate Change Adaptation Fund (FRACC), dedicated to the basin and which could be funded by several sources, has therefore emerged. The objective is to carry out basin-wide actions according to an Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) logic. This fund could be funded by different sources, including an Payment for Ecosystem Services System, and would compensate for the increase in the NBA's portfolio of activities. Large, costly and high-stakes programmes are currently being implemented throughout the Basin and are indeed contributing to an increase in the Authority's expenditure. Finally, the establishment of a FRACC could also provide a financial lever for the recruitment and internalization of technical expertise, thus strengthening teams, retaining the best profiles, improving project coordination and ensuring a credible, sustainable and independent financial base for the implementation of climate change adaptation actions. The purpose of the present study is therefore to study the feasibility of setting up a Regional Climate Change Adaptation Fund (FRACC) and how this fund could be supported by a Payment for Ecosystem Services (PES) scheme.

Download the Phase 2 of Development of the FRACC/PES

 
Programme for Integrated Development and Climate Change Adaptation in the Niger Basin (PIDACC)

Project Goal: Contribute to improving the resilience of the people and ecosystems of the Niger River Basin through sustainable natural resource management.

General programme overview: The Niger River, whose basin is shared by nine (9) West and Central African States (Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Ivory Coast, Guinea, Mali, Niger, Nigeria and Chad), is of paramount importance for residents of the area and the economies of member countries of the Niger Basin Authority (NBA). The growing aridity and the dwindling of water flows observed over several decades, associated locally with land pressure, have highly contributed to the widespread degradation of natural resources, the worsening of water and wind erosion and the silting of the Niger River. These phenomena - amplified year after year by recurrent droughts - have undermined the people's living conditions and the biodiversity of the Basin. Between 2006 and 2011, the Bank financed the Niger Basin Silting Control Programme (NBSCP) in three countries of the Basin (Burkina, Mali and Niger), which carried out pilot operations and enabled the development of a Master Plan for controlling the silting of the Niger River. At the request of the countries, the Bank in 2012 initiated the preparation of the Programme for Integrated Development and Adaptation to Climate Change in the Niger Basin (PIDACC), the overall objective of which is to contribute to improving the resilience of the people and ecosystems of the Niger River Basin through sustainable natural resource management. The programme comprises 9 national projects implemented by the countries and a regional project carried out by the NBA to ensure synergy. It is structured around three components: (i) Building the resilience of ecosystems and natural resources; (ii) Building the people's resilience; and (iii) Ensuring programme coordination and management. The main expected outcomes are: (a) the recovery of 140 000 ha of degraded land; (b) the construction of 209 water infrastructure systems for agro-pastoral and fish farming activities; (c) the implementation of 450 sub-projects for agricultural chain development purposes and 184 youth SMEs; (d) climate change (CC) adaptation capacity building for 1 000 000 households; and (e) the operationalisation of a sustainable financing mechanism for sustainable natural resource management activities. The programme will cost USD 205.188 million and will be implemented over a six-year period (2019-2024). In the 9 countries, the programme will directly benefit 4 million people, 51% of whom are women. The direct beneficiaries also include smallholder farmers and vulnerable groups (women and young people) promoting the sub-projects.

Download the Appraisal report of PIDACC


 
Des chances de relance du PIDACC/BN
Tuesday, 25 January 2022 11:51
There are no translations available.

Une  batterie de recommandations aux différentes parties prenantes PIDACC/BN vient au  secours du programme, suite à un début de mise en œuvre qui est, de manière générale   caractérisé par une succession d’évènements (COVID 19, suspension de décaissement, démission de cadres du Programme, faiblesse dans les communications, conflits de compétences au niveau de certaines équipes de mise en œuvre, la lourdeur dans le traitement des dossiers soumis à certaines instances, etc.) qui ont rendu difficiles la mise en œuvre du PIDACC/BN du démarrage en 2019 à 2021.

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Synthetic presentation of the project by beneficiary countries and regional coordination

Program Integrated for Development and Adaptation to Climate Change in the Niger Basin (IPCCCD/NB)

In the concretization of its mandate to "Promote the protection and the rational and sustainable exploitation of this natural resource that constitutes the river area", the NBA initiated in 2019, with the financial support of the several partners, including the AfDB, the implementation of a vast "Program Integrated for Development and Adaptation to Climate Change in the Niger Basin (IPCCCD/NB)".

The main challenges facing the Programme relate to: (i) the silting of the Niger River, mainly linked to wind and water erosion from upstream to downstream, from Guinea to Nigeria; (ii) ensuring shared and the rational management of the water resources; (iii) the developing of the resilience of ecosystems, the natural resources and the populations supported by climate change adaptation measures; and (iv) the rehabilitation of the navigation sections in order to strengthen trade between certain Member Country.
The Program is structured around three components : (i) Ecosystem and the natural resource resilience development (ii) Population resilience development; and (iii) Program coordination and management. Gender and environmental protection issues are integrated across all components.
The projected duration of the PIDACC/NB is 6 years. Its total cost, including taxes and customs contingencies, is estimated at CFAF 120 billion financed by the Afdb and its partners. To this is added an amount of 24 Million Euros financed by the German Financial Cooperation for the benefit of Guinea (14 Million) and Mali (10 million) through the KFW.

Download the Operational Plan 2016-2024 PIDACC Nigeria